Such subject must be considered from two viewpoints:
1- Why nuclear theorists reject the possibility of the existence of cold fusion?
The answer is simple: because from the standard Coulomb’s law F= KQq/d² there is need to consider the existence of the strong nuclear force, so that to explain the stability of atomic nuclei. And from the assumption that strong nuclear force really promotes the stability of atomic nuclei, then theoretically cold fusion is impossible to occur.
But experiments show that cold fusion exists. Then the second question is:
2- How can cold fusion be possible, as by considering the standard Coulomb’s law it is impossible?
The answer is again simple: because the standard Coulomb’s law is incomplete. Coulomb’s repulsions (and attraction) does not follow the equation F= KQq/d² for distances shorter than Bohr’s radius.
For distances shorter than
Bohr’s radius, Coulomb’s law is F= KQq/d^(X+Y), where X decreases with
the decrease of the distance between the charges “Q” and “q”, and Y
grows with relative speed between the charges.
In my book “Subtle
is the Math” the equation F= KQq/d^(X+Y) is proven by calculations, in
the first paper of the book, entitled “Relation between QED, Coulomb’s
Law and fine-structure constant”.
And why does Coulomb’s repulsions vary with the parameter Y in the equation F= KQq/d^(X+Y) ?
happens because, as shown in that paper, the line-forces of the
electric fields are composed by particles (captured from the quantum
vacuum) that move with the speed of light. The interaction of the fields
of two charges Q and q depends on their relative velocity. The faster
is their relative velocity, than stronger is the interaction between the
particles that compose the fields of the charges Q and q.
1- If two charges Q and q are moving against each other with relativistic
speed V, the electric interaction between Q and q varies proportional
to V+c, since the particles of the quantum vacuum (that compose the
electric fields of Q and q) are moving with velocity “c”.
2- If the charge Q is at rest, and the charge q is moving away the charge Q
with relativistic speed V, the electric interaction between Q and q
varies proportional to c-V. This explains why, in the U238 alpha-decay,
despite the potential energy of the alpha particle is 27 MeV when it
leaves the U238, in the experiments it is detected with only 4 MeV. As
shown in my book “Subtle is the Math”, the Gamow’s hypothesis of quantum
tunneling is not able to explain this paradox.
the stars, the relative velocity between particles as protons,
deuterons, etc., plays a fundamental role in the process of nuclear
synthesis, because the repulsion between two protons moving against each
other grows with the growth of their relative speeds, and that’s why,
despite the strong nuclear force does not exist, in the stars the fusion
between two protons is very hard. Otherwise, if the velocity did not
play a fundamental role, the Sun of our planetary system would waste its
hydrogen in some few minutes.
Perhaps we may say
that such property, of the growth of Coulomb’s repulsions with the
growth of the relative velocity between two charged particles,
represents a strong force. It is a special type of strong force, with
depends on the speed of the two charges. But it does not exist for two
charged particles (with low speed), inside atomic nuclei.
this new Coulomb’ law there is no need to consider the strong nuclear
force. Several puzzles of nuclear physics are solved by considering
that strong force does not exist. For instance, it explains why two
neutrons do not form a dineutron, whereas by considering the strong
force two neutrons would have to fuse and form a dineutron, since there
is not repulsion between them, but they have a strong attraction by the
strong nuclear force. The Heisenberg’s proposal of isospin does not
solve the puzzle.
In resume, from a new nuclear physics, in which the strong force does not exist, the cold fusion becomes possible.
Therefore, acceptation of the existence of cold fusion depends on the acceptation that standard Coulomb’s law is incomplete.
question, as to why nuclear physicists reject cold fusion, is beyond
the understanding of most people interested in cold fusion issues. For
example, yesterday I submitted an ad here on ZPEnergy, communicating the
publication of my book Subtle is the Math, by St Honoré. And
Editor Vlad didn't run my ad in "Home" because he mistakenly assumes
that my book has nothing to do with the subject of cold fusion. [vlad: it was posted here
But actually, as my book is proposing new laws for the foundations of physics, its content concerns all fields of physics.