|Submitted by WGUGLINSKI: What is wrong with the time in physics?
Up to the 19 Century, the physicists believed that the space is
filled by a medium they named “the luminiferous aether”, which meant
that light was a wave moving in that medium, like waves of water move in
the surface of a lake.
According to that concept of light, as a
wave moving in a luminiferous aether, if one measures the speed of light
in two contrary directions, one toward the Earth motion, and the other
against the motion of the planet, the experiment has to achieve two
different values of the light speed.
In 1887 Michelson and Morely
made an experiment for detecting that influence of the Earth in the
light speed, which, if detected, would be the scientific confirmation of
the existence of the luminiferous aether.
The experiment did not
detect any difference in the speed of light, and in order to solve the
paradox Einstein proposed that, beyond the space be empty, the
mathematics led him to conclude that time and space are a unique
physical entity, the “space-time”.
So, after Einstein the concept of time and space have changed in physics. After that, timing became everything in physics.
a belief about what is time remains up to the present days, as we see
for example in the article “DARPA Funded Researchers Accidentally Create
the World’s First Warp Bubble”, of The Debrief portal, where
Christopher Plain writes:
TIMING IS EVERYTHING, ESPECIALLY AT WARP SPEED
Warp drive, or a drive enabling space warp, is one of several ways of travelling through space found in science fiction.
Then let us analyze this way from which our understanding of what is “time” was developed thanks to Einstein.
matter in the universe is every time changing. The water runs in the
rivers going to the sea, and never goes back in contrary direction to
the source. Birds hatch from eggs, and never return there. People and
animals grow up, and never go back to the way they were when they were
born. This evolution give us the intuition that matter has three states:
past, present, and future.
The concept of time was
introduced in physics with the aim to quantify the status of the matter.
For instance, Galileo made several experiments, in which there is
connection between space and velocity through the concept of time.
Therefore, time is a parameter to measure the evolution of changes in
matter, whether in the position that a body occupies in space, or to
measure how an atom reacts with another to form a molecule. And before
Einstein space and time were two independent parameters. Space and time
were, each one, absolute independent entities. The only connection
between them was through the velocity of the changes in matter.
my book Subtle is the Math is shown that the structure of space of the
universe was conceived in a way that in the behavior of such space four
constants play a fundamental role: the imaginary number “i”, the
neperian e= 2,718… , the fine structure constant 1/137, and the number
pi= 3,1416… . If the space was conceived without the partnership of
those four constants in the structure of the space, the universe would
not exist, because the hydrogen atom would not be stable.
partnership between the four constants promotes for the space some
“magic” properties, being the word “magic” used here in the sense that
the physicists interpret the space as a mysterious medium that escapes
human comprehension. And the physicists interpret it as a magic because,
as they use the math without to know some properties of the space, it
seems that space violates the laws that they suppose to rule the working
of the universe.
According to Einstein, if a current
spaceship leaves the Earth and travels with velocity close to the speed
of light, the time inside the spaceship runs slowly than in the Earth.
Experiments by using atoms already have confirmed it.
is not the time that runs slowly. The time does not exist. As said, the
time is a parameter for the establishment of the connection between
space and the changes of matter. Suppose you are at rest regarding the
space (aether) of the universe. Then, if you start to move slowly, the
interaction between your body and the aether is very low, and this does
not affect the way the time runs. That is, regarding your body moving
slowly with speed V in the aether, the time is the same for another body
at rest in the aether. The time does not change.
But if you
start to move with a speed close to the light speed, the interaction
between your body and the space reverberates strongly in the way the
time runs. So, whereas in the clock that you are using to measure the
time you see that only five minutes have passed, for a person at rest in
the aether his clock will show that five years have passed.
inside a spaceship with warp drive technology the time does not runs
like in the current spaceships, because in the case of the space warp it
is weak the interaction between the things inside the spaceship and the
aether. In another words, the space warp technology prevents the
interaction of the spaceship and the aether, and this is the reason it
can move with speed faster than light.
Hawking interpreted it as
time voyage, through a wormhole. But there is not any time voyage, as
there is not any wormhole. It is only a technology that avoids the
interaction between a spaceship and the aether.
mystery around the mysterious space was born from the wrong Einstein’s
interpretation of the Michelon-Morley experiments. In my book Quantum
Ring Theory was proposed two properties of the light, both illustrated
in the figure 1:
1- Property 1- light moves with Zitterbewegung (helical trajectory).
2- Property 2- the flux of the aether crossing inside the helical trajectory is always constant.
when the light coming from the air enters inside the water, as the
flux of aether remains constant, then the radius of the helical
trajectory diminishes with the light enters in the water (because the
speed of the light inside water also diminished).
this property of the light it is possible to explain the
Michelon-Morley experiment without to introduce the paradoxes introduced
through Einstein’s theory. Indeed, being constant the flux of aether
inside the helical trajectory of the light in the Michelon-Morley
experiment, any contribution of the velocity of the Earth is absorbed by
the change of the radius of the helical trajectory, working together
with the change of the velocity of the light.
The space has yet may mysteries, unknown by the community of physicists.
the paper “Calculation of proton charges from the electric charges of
the fermions of the quantum vacuum”, published by Physics Essays (also
published in the book Subtle is the Math), it is calculated the electric
charge of the fermions that compose the aether (together with
gravitons, magnetons, etc). The value achieved is 5.06532 × 10^−45 C.
From this value is calculated the proton charge, achieving the value
1.6026 × 10^−19 C, which is very close to the experimental e = 1.60218 × 10^−19 C.
successful result is not a mere coincidence. The procedure of
calculation is clear, and there are not any ad hoc assumptions.
this success also implies in a paradox: by considering the model of
electric field of the proton proposed in the paper, and by considering
the current laws of physics applied to the space, a paradox is
introduced by the successful calculation of the proton charge: its
electric charge would have to be infinite.
the space and the electric fields there is a property yet unknown in
physics, as illustrated in the Figure 2.
charges of the fermions of the proton electric field actuate only in a
region delimited by the Bohr’s radius. If you put an electron in a point
whose distance to the proton is larger than Bohr’s radius, as shown in
the Figure 2, the fermions of the proton field do not interact with the
fermions of the electron field in the yellow area. The fermions of the
proton field interact with the fermions of the electron field only when
the fermions of the proton field enter in the region limited by the
Bohr’s radius in the electron field.
In resume, it is yet very
poor our knowledge about the mysteries of the space. And this is the
reason why what works in physics sometimes defys logic because some of
the currents principles of physics are wrong. This is the reason why
sometimes some researchers arrive to absurd conclusions, as Feynman when
he concluded that the electron sometimes is able to go back in the