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    Industry Application Experiences with DR Interconnection to the Grid
    Posted on Saturday, February 14, 2004 @ 21:11:13 GMT by vlad

    Legal EPRI 1005004, Final Report - Available On-line
    Abstract
    This report describes the overall status of utility distributed resources (DR) interconnection practices in the U.S. today and gives "snapshot" examples of representative approaches being used at several utilities. While interconnection practices are being refined, many technical and financial challenges still exist...


    These challenges tend to increase project risk and cost. The passage of a national interconnection standard (IEEE Std. 1547) earlier this year is expected to increase the consistency of interconnection rules across states and utility service areas.


    Objective
    Utility protection engineers, system designers, and customer service personnel can all benefit from the information presented herein. The report targets the distribution company's interactions with both customer and third-party DR developers. Accordingly, it presents guidance to the utility on how to better balance corporate goals and customer service priorities. The key challenge of successfully integrating DR into distribution system operations is addressed. This research area is assuming greater importance as the DR and energy markets evolve, and as DR assumes a continuing and growing presence on the electrical distribution system.


    Approach
    With an objective of helping utilities better prepare for interconnecting an increasing number of DR units, this report has two goals: 1) summarizing the main technical interconnection issues, and 2) describing the processes typically used to determine the suitability of interconnected DR. To accomplish these goals, this report reviews utility, customer, manufacturer, and regulatory concerns; identifies and compares the dominant technical interconnection issues; presents flowcharts of utility interconnection processes; and finally summarizes recent utility and developer interconnection experiences with DR interconnection to the grid.


    Results
    Information presented in the report will help utilities better prepare for interconnecting an increasing number of DR units with the grid. Insights are offered into accomplishing this interconnection while ensuring the safe and proper performance of the distribution system. Findings highlight the breadth of utility interconnection experience, and for the first time offer a foundation for characterizing and better understanding options for determining DR suitability to interconnect.


    EPRI Perspective
    From a utility perspective, the interconnection of DR raises important issues that require careful consideration to ensure safe and proper distribution system performance. Utilities are responsible for providing reliable service and maintaining safe conditions for customers and workers. At the same time, utilities are increasingly being required to accommodate the connection of many types of DR sources to their systems. Customers and third party DR developers are also concerned about interconnection, wanting to accomplish this quickly and at low cost. These two positions are frequently incompatible, have led to development of state and national standards for interconnection, and have created much controversy about the entire process.

    Ideally, utilities will publish clearer guidelines for their service territory that will comply both with IEEE 1547 and state/federal interconnection regulations. Simply knowing up front all the utility interconnection rules, costs, time lines, and procedures will help developers know whether or not to pursue a particular DR project.


    Program
    2004 Program 101.0 Distributed Energy Resources

    History
    2003 Program 101.0 Distributed Resources

    Keywords
    Distribution
    Interconnected Power Systems
    Protective Relays
    Standards
    Government Policies
    Regulations

    Other KeyWords
    Distributed Resources
    Interconnection
    Protective Relaying

    Note
    EPRI Members: EPRI Publications are available from your company libraries, your manager for EPRI Technology Transfer, or the EPRI Order and Conference Center at the address listed below:

    EPRI Order and Conference Center
    1355 Willow Way Suite 278
    Concord, CA 94520-5728
    U.S.A.

    Phone (800) 313-3774 press 2
    Phone (925) 609-9169

    Nonmembers: Contact the EPRI Order and Conference Center for information about ordering this report.
    Please call for a price quote

     
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