by Stoyan Sarg

York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Abstract: Many enigmatic phenomena in particle physics, Quantum mechanics (QM), Relativity and Cosmology can be explained in a classical 3+1 space if applying an alternative concept of the physical vacuum. This approach is adopted in the treatise titled Basic Structures of Matter (BSM), based on a space concept, closer to the Ether one but never investigated so far. The analysis of experiments and observations from a new point of view reveals that the “dark matter” is not only in distant galaxies. A model is suggested, according to which, the space may contain an underlying structure, called a Cosmic Lattice (CL), formed by two basic sub-elementary particles of two super-dens material substances, which are involved in the structure of elementary particles, as well. In a classical void space, the basic particles interact by forces inverse proportional to the cube of the distance. CL structure defines the space-time, the Quantum properties and EM fields. The complex of CL space and elementary particles defines the Newtonian gravitation, the inertia, the elementary charge and the Relativistic effects. Among the major CL properties are the Static, Partial and Dynamic pressure. The first and second one may define respectively the Newtonian mass and inertia of elementary particles. The third one is related to Zero Point Energy, which appears as two types: static and dynamic. While the second one, envisioned by Quantum mechanics, is related to EM interactions, the first one is completely hidden. It is somehow related to the nuclear energy via Newtonian mass. All known physical constants and interactions are expressible by the properties of CL space and the structure of elementary particles. CL space may propagate not only neutral Quantum waves (photons), but charge waves, as well, which are virtual particles corresponding to a Dirac “see” idea. Other major results of BSM are the unveiled atomic nuclear structures of the elements. They define the angular positions and restrictions of the chemical bonds, a feature not explainable by QM models.

**Author:** Stoyan Sarg

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